First Church of Christ, Scientist (Christian
Founder: Mary Baker Eddy
Organized: August 23, 1879
Current Membership: 170,000
Current Headquarters: Boston, Massachusetts
"There is no life, truth, intelligence, nor substance in
matter. All is infinite Mind and its infinite manifestation,
for God is All-in-all. Spirit is immortal Truth; matter is
mortal error. Spirit is the real and eternal; matter is the
unreal and temporal. Spirit is God, and man is his image and
likeness. Therefore man is not material; he is spiritual,"
(Miscellaneous Writings, p. 21)
"Final deliverance from error,... is not reached...
by pinning one's faith without works to another's vicarious
effort," (Science and Health, p. 22).
"In Christian Science it is plain that God removes the punishment
for sin only as the sin is removed... hence the hope of universal
salvation. ... To lose the sense of sin we must first detect
the claim of sin; hold it invalid... sin disappears, and its
unreality is proven," (Message, 1901, p. 13).
Material & Bible
"...the thirty thousand different readings in the old Testament,
and the three hundred thousand in the New, - these facts show how a mortal and material sense stole into
the divine record..." (Science and Health, p. 139).
"Students who strictly adhere to the right, and make the
Bible and Science and Health a study, are in no danger of
mistaking their way," (Miscellaneous Writings, p. 284).
Due to the belief that all is Spirit and matter is an illusion,
Christian Science denies the reality of sickness and death.
Demonstrate both death and matter's legitimacy.
Because they affirm God to be an impersonal concept, use Universal
Ethics. Some things are wrong in all situations, this is a
Universalism, and an impersonal concept cannot impart such
Ethics to personal Beings, such as Man.
"The theory of three persons in one
God (that is, a personal trinity or Tri-unity) suggests polytheism,
rather than the one ever-present I am," (Science and Health
with Key to the Scripture, p. 256). "Life, Truth, and
Love constitute the triune Person called God, -- that is, the
triply divine Principle, Love. They represent a trinity in
unity, three in one, -- the same in essence, though multiform
in office: God the Father-Mother; Christ the spiritual idea
of sonship; divine Science or the Holy Comforter," (Ibid,
"The Science of divine metaphysics
removes the mysticism that used to enthrall my sense of the
Godhead, and of Jesus as the Son of God and the son of man.
Christian Science explains the nature of God as both Father
and Mother," (Message to The Mother Church, 1901 p. 10).
"...these refer not to personality, but present the type
and shadow of Truth's appearing in the womanhood as well as
in the manhood of God, our divine Father and Mother," (Miscellaneous
Writings, p. 33).
"The Virgin-mother conceived this idea
of God, and gave to her ideal the name of Jesus.... Jesus is
the name of the man who, more than all other men, has presented
Christ, the true idea of God.... Jesus is the human man, and
Christ is the divine idea; hence the duality of Jesus the Christ,"
(Science and Health, pp. 29 & 473). "Christ, or the
spiritual idea, appeared to human consciousness as the man
Jesus," (Retrospection and Introspection, p. 93). "The
spiritual Christ was infallible; Jesus, as material manhood,
was not Christ," (Miscellaneous Writings, p. 84).
"This Science of God and man is
the Holy Ghost, which reveals and sustains the unbroken and
eternal harmony of both God and the universe," (Unity
of Good, p. 52). "Holy Ghost. Divine Science; the development
of eternal Life, Truth, and Love," (Science and Health,